NURS 6512N Final Exam 18 - Question and Answers (99 out of 100)
NURS 6512N Final Exam(99/100 Points)
1. The reliability of health-related findings and observations is the responsibility of the:
2. Which of the following statements is true regarding the examination of peripheral arteries?
3. As Mr. B. enters the room, you observe that his gait is wide based and he staggers from side to side while swaying his trunk. You would document Mr. B.'s pattern as:
4. You are conducting a clinical breast examination for your 30-year-old patient. Her breasts are symmetrical with bilateral, multiple tender masses that are freely moveable with well-defined borders. You recognize that these symptoms and assessment findings are consistent with:
5. Which one of the following is a proper technique for use of a speculum during a vaginal examination?
6. When is the mental status portion of the neurologic system examination performed?
7. Normal changes of the aging brain include:
8. The finger-to-nose test allows assessment of:
9. The difference in blood pressure readings between the right and the left arms is considered normal up to _____ mm Hg.
10. Tarry black stool should make you suspect:
11. Anterior cruciate ligament integrity is assessed via the _____ test.
12. Examination of the patient in the lithotomy, or knee-chest, position includes:
13. Inquiry about nocturnal muscle spasms would be most significant when taking the musculoskeletal history of:
14. Which cranial nerves are usually evaluated during the examination of the eyes?
15. Assessing orientation to person, place, and time helps determine:
16. To spread the breast tissue evenly over the chest wall, you should ask the woman to lie supine with:
17. Cranial nerve XII may be assessed in an infant by:
18. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy will likely produce:
19. Nerves that arise from the brain rather than the spinal cord are called:
20. Inspection of the scrotum should reveal
21. Postural hypotension is defined as a _____ when the patient stands, compared with sitting or supine readings.
22. The rectal past medical history of all patients should include inquiry about:
23. You are initially evaluating the equilibrium of Ms. Q. You ask her to stand with her feet together and arms at her sides. She loses her balance. Ms. Q. has a positive:
24. When assessing a 17-year-old for nuchal rigidity, you gently raise his head off the examination table. He involuntarily flexes his hips and knees. To confirm your suspicions associated with this positive test, you would also perform a test for the _____ sign.
25. You are conducting an examination of Mr. Curtis's heart and blood vessels and auscultate a grade III murmur. The intensity of this murmur is
26. You are interviewing a 20-year-old patient with a new-onset psychotic disorder. The patient is apathetic and has disturbed thoughts and language patterns. The nurse recognizes this behavior pattern as consistent with a diagnosis of:
27. The best way to ease the apprehension of a 3-year-old child before a physical examination is to:
28. When you attempt to move a 10-month-old child from his mother's lap to the examination table, he screams loudly. Your best action is to:
29. You are conducting a preparticipation physical examination for a 10-year-old girl with Down syndrome who will be playing basketball. She has slight torticollis and mild ankle clonus. What additional diagnostic testing would be required for her?
30. A 23-year-old white woman has come to the clinic because she has missed two menstrual periods. She states that her breasts have enlarged and that her nipples have turned a darker color. Your further response to this finding is to:
31. A positive straight leg raise test usually indicates:
32. Loss of immediate and recent memory with retention of remote memory suggests:
33. Bimanual examination of the uterus includes:
34. While collecting personal and social history data from a woman complaining of breast discomfort, you should question her regarding:
35. When assessing superficial pain, touch, vibration, and position perceptions, you are testing:
36. You are performing a two-point discrimination test as part of a well physical examination. The area with the ability to discern two points in the shortest distance is the:
37. If a patient cannot shrug the shoulders against resistance, which cranial nerve (CN) requires further evaluation?
38. The Mini-Mental State Examination:
39. When palpating joints, crepitus may occur when:
40. Electrical activity recorded by the electrocardiogram (ECG) tracing that denotes the spread of the stimulus through the atria is the:
41. When the Goodenough-Harris Drawing Test is administered to a child, the evaluator principally observes the:
42. A pulsation that is diminished to the point of being barely palpable would be graded as:
43. During a routine prenatal visit, Ms. T. was noted as having dependent edema, varicosities of the legs, and hemorrhoids. She expressed concern about these symptoms. You explain to Ms. T. that her enlarged uterus is compressing her pelvic veins and her inferior vena cava. You would further explain that these findings:
44. The examiner percusses for diaphragmatic excursion along the:
45. An ophthalmoscopic eye examination involves:
46. Which condition is considered progressive rather than reversible?
47. Breath sounds normally heard over the trachea are called:
48. You are assessing Mr. Z.'s fluid volume status as a result of heart failure. If your finger depresses a patient's edematous ankle to a depth of 6 mm, you should record this pitting as:
49. Nancy Walker is a 16-year-old girl who presents to the clinic with complaints of severe, acute chest pain. Her mother reports that Nancy, apart from occasional colds, Nancy is not prone to respiratory problems. What potential risk factor is most important to assess with regards to Nancy's current problem?
50. Recent unilateral inversion of a previously everted nipple suggests:
51. The physical assessment technique most frequently used to assess joint symmetry is:
52. During chest assessment, you note the patient's voice quality while auscultating the lung fields. The voice sound is intensified, there is a nasal quality to the voice, and the e's sound like a s. This sound is indicative of:
53. While interviewing a 70-year-old female clinic patient, she tells you that she takes ginkgo biloba and St. John's wort. You make a short note to check for results of the:
54. Breath odors may clue the examiner to certain underlying metabolic conditions. The odor of ammonia on the breath may signify:
55. One of the most important aspects to consider in the orthopedic screening examination is:
56. When palpating breast tissue, the examiner should use the _____ at each site.
57. The goals of preparticipation sports evaluation include:
58. Part of the screening orthopedic component of the examination includes evaluating the person while he or she is:
59. A red, hot swollen joint in a 40-year-old man should lead you to suspect:
60. It is especially important to test for ankle clonus if:
61. For purposes of examination and communication of physical findings, the breast is divided into:?
62. The adnexa of the uterus are composed of the:
63. Functional assessment is most important during the examination of a(n):
64. Which one of the following techniques is used to detect a torn meniscus?
65. A finding that is indicative of osteoarthritis is:
66. The foramen ovale should close:
67. Montgomery tubercles are most prominent in the breasts of:
68. A parent is advised to restrict contact or collision sports participation for their child. An example of a sport in which this child could participate is:
69. A cervical polyp usually appears as a
70. An idiopathic spasm of arterioles in the digits is termed:
71. You are examining a patient in the emergency department who has recently sustained head trauma. In order to initially assess this patient's neurologic status, you would:
72. You are inspecting the genitalia of an uncircumcised adult male. The foreskin is tight and cannot be easily retracted. You should:
73. A 12-year-old boy relates that his left scrotum has a soft swollen mass. The scrotum is not painful upon palpation. The left inguinal canal is without masses. The mass does transilluminate with a penlight. This collection of symptoms is consistent with:
74. An examiner has rotated a brush several times into the cervical os. The brush was withdrawn and stroked lightly on a glass slide. The slide was sprayed with fixative. Which type of specimen requires this technique for collection?
75. The presence of cervical motion tenderness may indicate:
76. Palpation of epitrochlear nodes is part of the:
77. Ulnar deviation and boutonniere deformities are characteristic of:
78. A common finding in markedly obese and pregnant women is:
79. A grade IV mitral regurgitation murmur would:
80. The musculoskeletal examination should begin when:
81. Throughout the history and physical examination, the clinician should:
82. To assess a cremasteric reflex, the examiner strokes the:
83. The spread of the impulse through the ventricles (ventricular depolarization) is depicted on the ECG as the
84. You are examining Mr. S., a 79-year-old diabetic man complaining of claudication. Which of the following physical findings is consistent with the diagnosis of arterial occlusion?
85. If your patient has nipple discharge, you will most likely need a:
86. The checkout station for preparticipation physical evaluation (PPE) is critical because at this point:
87. An apical PMI palpated beyond the left fifth intercostal space may indicate:
88. The Denver II is a tool used to determine:
89. To hear diastolic heart sounds, you should ask patients to:
90. Your 15-year-old patient is athletic and thin. Radiography of an ankle injury reveals a stress fracture. You should question this patient about her:
91. In the most effective percussion technique of the posterior lung fields, the patient cooperates by:
92. While examining a 30-year-old woman, you note that one breast is slightly larger than the other. In response to this finding, you should:
93. Temporalis and masseter muscles are evaluated by:
94. Which medical condition would exclude a person from sports participation?
95. Your patient's chief complaint is repeated pencil-like stools. Further examination should include:
96. Which portion of the physical examination is best done with the patient standing?
97. Kawasaki disease is suspected when assessments of a child reveal:
98. Palpation of a normal prostate in an older adult is likely to feel:
99. Your older clinic patient is being seen today as a follow-up for a 2-day history of pneumonia. The patient continues to have a productive cough, shortness of breath, and lethargy and has been spending most of the day lying in bed. You should begin the chest examination by:
100. Facial muscle or tongue weakness may result in:
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